Emerald is a gemstone and a variety of the mineral beryl, made of Beryllium Aluminum and Silicate, which is coloured green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. Who would have known that aluminium is a key part in this beautiful gemstone!?
Emerald is named from Vulgar Latin: “Esmaralda/Esmaraldus” which originated in Greek: “smaragdos” meaning "green gem". The emerald was Cleopatra’s favourite gemstone and she claimed the Egyptians emerald mines for herself.